New England

This is just a single story in the birth of the United countries of America. But before each colony could declare their statehood it all started in a place called British America.

This was the beginning….and these are the people that started it all.

In 1609 Samuel de Champlain explored land to the point where Ft. Ticonderoga is. At the same time, Henry Hudson explored all the way to Albany. Champlain for France, and Hudson for Britain.

150 years pass.

Disputes start to build between England and France as to who owned what region.

1749: through Grants ordered by George II, Royal Gov Wentworth, of the “New” Hampshire colony, chartered towns east of the disputed territory.

By doing so, Britain had asserted their presence with 15 small “paper-towns” and a physical place (at the time) called Bennington New Hampshire; later Vermont.

Because of this, in 1754 hostilities between French and English settlers began. This initiated the French & Indian War, Or as the British call it, the 7 years war. It was and still is considered the first global war.

Fort Ticonderoga

1755 The French started a 2 year building project, Ft Carillon (Caroline) to defend their borders.

In 1758 the Battle of Carillon, 4,000 French defenders were able to repel an attack by 16,000 British troops near the fort.

By 1759, the British returned and drove the French from the fort. 

The war ended with the treaty of Paris.

1763 The final outcome of the war would re-draw the borderline between French and English territories. British-Canada was now a part of British America.

When the territorial border disputes, between the Delaware, Pennsylvania and Maryland colonies, were finalized in 1767 it officially put New England on the map.

However other factors were simultaneously involved as well. The Cohersive acts of 1774.

December 1774: George III issued an order of council forbidding arms and ammunition to be exported to British America. Britain was removing gunpowder from the colonies.

This was due to a number of incidents, including the Boston Tea Party as well as the Boston Massacre. Colonists considered the order to be an act of oppression by the King.

In the US Army, Today we still call them scouts; People assigned to inform their commanding officers where the enemy camps are. The colonists called them messengers.

There were many messengers along the coast. Men and women alike. The militias and sons of liberty were organized from the top of New Hampshire (the 45th parallel) to the ports of Savannah Ga. in the 13 colonies messengers were informing the militias of British troops activity whenever it was discovered.

Then….on Dec 13th 1774.

Ft William & Mary @ New Castle.

Paul Revere rode to Portsmouth, N.H., to warn patriots that the redcoats units were on the way to take the gunpowder from Ft. William and Mary. A small armory outside Portsmouth NH. Britain had already removed the gunpowder reserve in Charleston Ma. on September 1st.

Yesterday’s Fort William & Mary

This was a much less famous ride for Revere. Less publicity spoken of than the run he would make four months later, but just as vital in the actions that invoked Liberty in Patriot hearts

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The next day, December 14, 1774, Motivated by Revere’s warning, 400 New Hampshire patriots preemptively captured all the material at the fort.

Today’s Fort Constitution

This gunpowder was later used by the revolutionaries in Lexington Ma, near the tavern Revere was stationed by.

The shot heard round the world

Lexington Common National Historic Site where patriots using gunpowder’s procured from New Hampshire armory, fired the opening shot of the battles of Lexington on April 19, 1775, starting the American Revolutionary War.
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